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The scholarly disciplines are concentrated in a relatively small number of journals as propounded in Bradford’s Law. Following this principle, Indian Citation Index (ICI) Journals Selection Policy was founded and continues to be the guiding force and principle behind the Journal Selection Process. Furthermore, the selected number of journals is not static; it is dynamic and get changed periodically. ICI updates journal coverage by identifying and evaluating promising new journals for ICI indexing and also existing indexed journals of ICI are deleted periodically based on various reasons like - usefulness, quality, publication stopped, name changed, merged, amalgamation, etc.

Indian Citation Index (ICI) is a home grown indexing and abstracting citation database. The basic purpose of developing ICI is twofold.

  1. To fill the long standing needed gap of National Citation Database required for comprehensive measurement and evaluation of Research Performance of individuals, institutions, universities, etc. for strategic planning, decision making and development;
  2. To inculcate quality standards in journals published from India by rendering guidance, advisory to publishers of the journals.

Initially to start with, ICI prepared a list of about 1000 indexable journals published from India and for this purpose, adopted the following:

  1. Journals should have been indexed in any national or international indexing and abstracting sources, like – ISA, MAPA, SCOPUS, WoS, CA, BIOSIS, INSPEC, etc.
  2. Learned society journals, institutional journals, such as INSA, ICAR, CSIR, etc. and other journals qualify ICI journal selection parameters as listed below. Thus, selected journals indexation for country’s self reliance was started.

Many factors are considered when evaluating journals for indexing ranging from the qualitative to the quantitative parameters. These include - Basic publishing standards; editorial context; focus whether National and International; citation analysis. No one factor is considered in isolation, but by combination and interrelations thereof, we determine the journal's overall strengths and weaknesses and accordingly take decision whether to index or not in ICI.


  1. Ethical Publishing Practices - evidence of unethical policies and practices such as predatory publishing or editorial instructions or advisories, or any other fraudulent practices, etc. if followed by a journal that does not get indexed in ICI. In case of a journal already indexed in ICI that can be discontinued or dropped immediately on finding such unethical publishing practices.
  2. A journal should be published from India irrespective of its publisher’s origin.
  3. Timeliness of publication is a basic condition in the evaluation and selection of a journal for indexing in ICI. Thus, timeliness of a journal is of primary and paramount importance. Journal must be publishing according to its defined frequency. The ability to publish on time implies a healthy backlog of manuscripts essential for selection and ongoing viability. However, in case of India many journals are running late, not only one or two months but years and therefore, all such journal are not being indexed in ICI.
  4. A journal should be of Research oriented nature for ICI indexing and therefore, popular journals or magazines do not get indexed in ICI.
  5. A journal should be well peer reviewed because peer-review process is another indication of journal standards and signifies the overall quality and integrity of the research published and the completeness of bibliographic elements, especially cited references.
  6. A journal should be regular, on time with its defined time schedule. ICI does not index irregular journals or serials.
  7. A journal should be at least three years old in its age for getting indexed in ICI because journals born and die too fast. Also, based on three years data of a journal, citation analysis of that journal can be examined or judged for selection of a journal.
  8. The editors and reviewers should be professional in approach, expert in respective domain to sustain required quality and standard of the journal. Also, there should be diversity of editors and reviewers according to focus of the journal, like national or international.
  9. There should be diversity in contributing Author(s) affiliations with complete address details.
  10. The appended references to an article should be relevant, complete and well examined by the editors and reviewers.
  11. For citation pattern – we use Citation Analysis to determine the importance, visibility and influence of a journal in the surrounding literature of its subject. Citation data and metrics are interpreted and understood in the editorial context of the journal under evaluation.
  12. For regional/local language documents/journals, at least all bibliographical meta data details like title, authors, affiliations, abstract & keywords along with references used to write the document should be in English language. The full text article may be in any language.
  13. ICI also evaluates or considers the reputation & authority of journal’s publisher, and availability & popularity of a journal.
  14. ICI does not index literature/material - like Digests; Book Reviews; News and views; Abstracts; Announcements; Advertisement; from the desk/chairman/president, etc.
  15. In addition to above mentioned parameters, ICI being multidisciplinary in nature and scope, we consider little relax standard in journal selection particularly emanating in less developed disciplines and regions of the country wherein scholarly activities are at its developing stage, such as Sport Science, Media, etc. and J&K and North East regions of the country. This is being done to have proper representation of all subjects developing and emerging and have a balanced approach.
  16. The journal’s contributing authors, editors, and editorial advisory board members should be from diverse institutes and areas appropriate for the journal’s target audience. If the journal’s content is aimed at an international audience then we expect to find an internationally diverse group of authors, editors and editorial advisory board members contributing to it.
  17. A journal should publish at least one issue per year and should carry the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN).
  18. Overall quality of a journal should be comparable to world standards.
 

Ideal situation would be that the journals of all disciplines and languages published world widely should be indexed in a single source of the world scholarly journal literature. But it is neither feasible nor practicable because estimated number of living journals in the world covering all subjects and languages is about 150,000, so tapping all such huge literature is impossible, therefore, national citation indexes like ICI is essential for self reliance and national pride.

 
 

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